Avraham, the great tzaddik, felt very sorry, for the people of Sodom. “Oh! Surely there must be a few good people who live there, too!” he cried to HaShem. “If there are 50 good people, will You save the city from being destroyed?”
HaShem promised that He wouldn’t destroy Sodom if there were 50 good people–but there weren’t 50.
Avram did not give up. “What about 45? 40? 30? 20? Or even 10 GOOD PEOPLE?!”
But there were not even 10 good people in all of Sodom!
The decree was final. The city of Sodom is to be destroyed. So, the 2 angels – Gavriel and Rafael – headed toward Sodom to fulfill their next mission.
Did you know that your Hebrew name says a lot about you and your mission in life? It’s true!
This is also the case when it comes to angels. Let’s have a look at two of the three angels sent to Sodom:
Rafael means “the healer of HaShem,” and his purpose was to save Lot and his family from Sodom before it was too late.
Gavriel means “the strength of HaShem,” and it was his job to destroy Sodom, something that requires plenty of strength.
Besides the big city of Sodom, there were also four smaller, evil neighboring cities – Amora, Adma, Tzvoyim, and Tzoar – a total of 5 cities.
That’s why Avraham started with the number 50. “Please HaShem,” he said, “save them if there are 50 good people.” 10 good people x 5 cities = 50.
Why the number 10? 10 people are considered to be an entire community (which is why you need 10 men to form a Minyan in the synagogue).